ICC prosecutors are also examining Israeli settlement-building the West Bank. The court treaty defines the “transfer, directly or indirectly, by the Occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies” as a war crime.
Ryan Goodman, professor of human rights law and co-editor of the Just Security blog, notes that settlement-building is a particularly important issue for the court “because unlike other war crimes charges, Israel will not be able to mount a successful challenge to the Court’s jurisdiction by claiming that it is conducting its own criminal investigation of such actions.”
Palestine’s bid to join the ICC faced strong opposition, namely from the United States and Israel.
U.S. President Barack Obama signed into law an appropriations act that would cut off aid to the Palestinian Authority if the “the Palestinians initiate” or “actively support” an ICC “judicially authorized” investigation “that subjects Israeli nationals to an investigation for alleged crimes against Palestinians.” Further, from January to March of this year, Israel withheld roughly $400 million in tax revenue in response to the decision to join the ICC.
International human rights group Human Rights Watch issued a statement condemning the bullying tactics and calling on the international community to support Palestine’s decision.
Click Here: st kilda saints guernsey 2019
“Governments seeking to penalize Palestine for joining the ICC should immediately end their pressure, and countries that support universal acceptance of the court’s treaty should speak out to welcome its membership,” said Balkees Jarrah, international justice counsel at Human Rights Watch.
Bensouda said that the court will be examining crimes committed by both Israel and Hamas, which has been accused of indiscriminately firing rockets into Israeli towns. “We will be looking at alleged crimes committed by all sides to the conflict, in total independence and impartiality, and without fear or favour,” she said.